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Prostate cancer

It is the most common cancer in men after 50 and the second leading cause of death in men of this age. It is estimated that a total of 1 in 6 to 8 men will develop the disease.

Tests for the prevention of prostate cancer should start, according to medical company guidelines, from the age of 50, but it is usual to be proven from the age of 40.

Among the indications may be:

  1. Frequent urination, especially at night
  2. Weakness - intermittent urination
  3. Pain or burning during urination or ejaculation
  4. Purulent secretions in urine / semen
  5. Pelvic/upper thigh discomfort

These indications can also be presented in cases of:

  1. prostatic hyperplasia
  2. prostatitis
  3. Urinary Tract Infection
  4. sexually transmitted diseases

Early diagnosis and treatment are intended to prevent advanced disease with difficult-to-manage metastases, mainly to the bone.

  1. Prostate antigen (PSA): Elevated results are associated with benign hyperplasia, malignant neoplasia, prostatitis, or other irritation of the prostate.
  2. Free-PSA (free prostate antigen) is used in the assessment of mainly marginal results of PSA, to separate them as normal or pathological - cancer.
  3. General urinalysis - Urine culture Detection of only pyoglobules in the urine (with a negative culture) may indicate the presence of prostatitis, while a positive culture may indicate the presence of a urinary tract infection. Both conditions significantly increase PSA readings in the absence of prostate cancer.
  1. Transrectal ultrasound: Possible signs of differentiation of the gland (with possible cancerous expression), and signs of inflammation (prostatitis) are shown.
  2. Axial - Magnetic Tomography / Bone scintigraphy Assessment of cancer extent

Information selected - indicative with sources: Interpretation of Diagnostic Tests - J.Wallach and

The choice and explanation of the use of the analysis is the exclusive responsibility of your doctor

Edited by : Ioannis Grattisia Head of Laboratory / MSc Clinical Biochemistry - Molecular Biology

2022 - 2023

More information on Laboratory Testing

Laboratory testing requires a simple blood draw and a urine sample

No food or diet preparation is required.

It can be done at any time of the day

Accurately measuring PSA and avoiding falsely high results require:

  1. abstinence from sexual intercourse for 3 days

  2. not have had a previous medical examination on the prostate

  3. no previous days of severe constipation

    1. collect your first morning urine.

    2. Wash locally with plenty of water, without soap

    3. discard the first urine of urination and collect a small amount from the middle of urination, in a special urine collector.

    We emphasize that the interpretation of the results should be done with caution and only with the advice of your doctor.

    To maximize the sensitivity of the analyses, the results in our laboratory are given with:

    1. normal rates accordingly to the age
    2. rate of increase of PSA per year (PSA velocity), when the relevant history is available
    3. with the relative % ratio of free-PSA/PSA
  1. The results of the PSA free PSA General urine test are given on the same day.

    Possibility of urgent delivery of result in General urine PSA in 1 hour

The cost with private coverage is:

  1. PSA at 25 euros

  2. PSA free PSA General urine – Culture at 65 euros – 25% discount package 48.75 euros.

The examination is prescribed at the EOPYY**, with the participation of the examinee as defined in the referral (15%, unless otherwise stated)

**In our center we have doctors with the right to prescribe EOPYY prescriptions

Biopathology Diagnostic Laboratory | Microbiological | Molecular | DNA | Ultrasonic | EOPYY – Clinic

Diagnostic: Director Biochemist I. Gratsia - Biopathologist I. Katsavochristos / M. Kolokouri - Radiologist S. Alagiannis

Doctors: General Practitioner X. Chrysanthaki - Endocrinologist E. Typhoxylou – Cardiologist A. Castanas - Neurologist C. Karagiorgis - Urologist K. Psyllias - Pulmonologist Zafiria Barbaressou

Liability & Responsibility Ethics in Biomedical Science - Personalised Medical Practice with Courtesy and Empathy

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