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What is this?
Colpitis is a common inflammatory condition in the vagina and the general lower genital area of the woman which is due to an imbalance of the vaginal flora that favors infections, irritants, or hormonal disruption.
Colpitis are often asymptomatic. In case of they present symptoms, these may be:
Factors that favor colpitis are:
Common bacterial infections: Gardnerella vaginalis and Mycoplasma hominins. Bbacterial infection which can be caused by a combination of bacteria. Their overgrowth is caused by an imbalance of the vaginal flora. It is not sexually transmitted, but usually occurs in sexually active women. A number of 50%, are asymptomatic, while in the remaining cases the symptoms are abnormal secretions, a fishy smell, especially after sexual intercourse, pain during urination, tingling, and dry vagina.
Candida infections: Candida normally lives in small colonies in the vagina as well as in the mouth and gastrointestinal tract of men and women. Pathological fungal infections cause stinging and redness and are usually not sexually transmitted. They are common after taking antibiotics, in cases of uncontrolled diabetes, pregnancy and taking contraceptives. They can also be presented in hormonal disorders, thyroid diseases, taking corticosteroids, and immune disorders. They are treated with the appropriate treatment, which is indicated by the antimycotic chart, and the medicines can be with intravaginal suppositories or oral treatment.
Trichomonas (Trichomonas vaginalis): It is a sexually transmitted parasite. The infection can be asymptomatic, but it can also cause frothy, greenish-yellow secretions with a bad smell, stinging, a burning sensation during urinating, a bad feeling in the lower abdominal area, and pain in the vagina during sexual intercourse. Symptoms become more intense after menstruation.
Less commonly, colpitis can be caused by:
Colpitis can rarely develop from sexually transmitted diseases:
The analyzes that are done preventively to detect vaginal infections are:
Direct microscopic examination of vaginal fluids to assess vaginal flora and physiology
Information selected - indicative with sources: Interpretation of Diagnostic Tests - J.Wallach and https://labtestsonline.org
The choice and explanation of the use of the analysis is the exclusive responsibility of your doctor
Edited by : Ioannis Grattisia Head of Laboratory / MSc Clinical Biochemistry - Molecular Biology
2022 - 2023
Diagnostic: Director Biochemist I. Gratsia - Biopathologist I. Katsavochristos / M. Kolokouri - Radiologist S. Alagiannis
Doctors: General Practitioner X. Chrysanthaki - Endocrinologist E. Typhoxylou – Cardiologist A. Castanas - Neurologist C. Karagiorgis - Urologist K. Psyllias - Pulmonologist Zafiria Barbaressou
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