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What is this? (Thyroid Gland - Disorders)
The thyroid gland is the main gland of metabolism regulation. It produces the hormones:
The two main disorders of thyroid function are:
Hypothyroidism: hypofunction of the gland with symptoms of fatigue, drowsiness, cold intolerance, weight gain, bradycardia, hoarseness, confusion, nervousness, constipation, infertility, muscle stiffness, etc.
Main causes are:
– Hashimoto’s autoimmune hypothyroidism (relatively young ages – often inherited)
– atrophic or post-surgical hypothyroidism
Hyperthyroidism: over-functioning of the gland, with high production of T3 and T4, associated with unexplained weight loss, excessive sweating, fatigue, palpitations and tachycardia – hypertension, nervousness, generalized weakness, poor sleep, hand tremors, confusion, diarrhea, infertility, etc. .a.
Main causes are:
– Graves' disease
– toxic multinodular goiter
– toxic adenoma
A combination of tests can be chosen for the preventive thyroid checkup, among which are:
It is the hormones produced by the thyroid that are responsible for the biological effect of the action of the gland.
It is the brain hormone that regulates the function of the thyroid, from the measurement of which conclusions are drawn about its hypo/hyper-function.
They are the main antithyroid antibodies that affect both the function and hormonal output of the gland as well as its histological integrity. The assays can predict the early stage of incipient hypofunction of the gland and are used in the differential diagnosis of Hashimoto's thyroiditis and Graves' disease.
SPECIAL LABORATORY TESTS– OPTIONAL
They are recommended in cases where there are signs of neoplastic disease as well as in the further evaluation of nodules that are increased in size.
TSI antibodies, that activate TSH
No specific preparation or diet is required for thyroid tests.
Caution is only needed for people who are on thyroid medication, as they should not have taken their medication before the blood draw unless their doctor tells them otherwise.
Blood sampling can be done at any time of the day (the laboratory's working hours are 7.30 a.m. – 7.30 p.m.).
The results are given on the same day for blood draws until 11.00.
Individual exams can be written at EOPYY, and fees based on participation (usually 15%)
Information selected - indicative with sources: Interpretation of Diagnostic Tests - J.Wallach and https://labtestsonline.org
The choice and explanation of the use of the analysis is the exclusive responsibility of your doctor
Edited by : Ioannis Grattisia Head of Laboratory / MSc Clinical Biochemistry - Molecular Biology
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