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Vitamins - Trace Elements

What is this?

Vitamins - Trace elements, are functional elements in the regulation of metabolism and basic functions of the body. Taking them nutritionally is essential as they are elements that cannot be synthesized by the body. Their levels must be within strict limits so that both deficiencies and toxic loads are not observed.


It is now usual to find insufficient levels of vitamins and trace elements due to:

  1. of poor nutrition - malnutrition from special - extreme diets - oligophagia
  2. consumption of foods of low nutritional value (the result of intensive farming)
  3. malabsorption due to gastrointestinal problems – taking medication
  4. of their increased catabolism – losses from diseases
  5. of particular physical exertion – smoking

The lack of vitamins and trace elements often appears with indications such as:

  1. psychosomatic instability, feeling of weakness, limited mental functions.
  2. increased frequency of infections, deterioration of skin, nail and scalp quality, bowel disorders
  3. the appearance of serious diseases (neurodegenerative diseases, neoplasms, etc.)

The determination of the levels of vitamins and trace elements in the blood is necessary to:

  1. in cases of their low levels, to recognize and assess possible dangerous etiologies
  2. to be given the appropriate preventive or therapeutic supplements, in the appropriate dosages and time of treatment.
  3. to be avoided high toxic levels of vitamins and trace elements with the corresponding creation of serious problems.


The analyzes, that are used for the profile of vitamin levels are:

  1. Vitamin A (Retinol)
  2. Vitamin B1 (Thiamine)
  3. Vitamin B2 (Riboflavin)
  4. Vitamin B6 (Pyridoxal Phosphate)
  5. Vitamin B9 (Folic acid) growth factor - neuroprotection - well-being
  6. Vitamin B12 (Cobalamin) neuroprotection – cardiovascular and anticancer protection
  7. Vitamin C (Ascorbic acid)
  8. Vitamin E (Tocopherol)
  9. Vitamin D3 – 25(OH) (bone and parathyroid health – immune regulatory - prostate specific anti-cancer)
  10. Vitamin D total

The analyzes of the main trace elements are:

  1. Calcium
  2. Phosphorus
  3. Magnesium (wellness – muscle strengthening)
  4. Zinc (immune regulation - skin and coat health)
  5. Selenium (antioxidant – immune regulation – anticancer)

The electrolytes Sodium, Potassium, and Chlorine can theoretically be included in trace elements. They are laboratory tested along with the basic metabolic profile tests.



A simple blood test is required for laboratory testing.

No preparation or diet is required.


Blood sampling can be done at any time of the day (laboratory hours 7.30 a.m. – 7.30 p.m.).


The results on trace elements folate, B12, and D3 are given on the same day. The remaining vitamins are given within 3 working days.


The tests of laboratory testing of trace elements (except zinc, and selenium) and vitamins are prescribed at the EOPYY, with the participation of the examinee as defined by the referral (15%, unless otherwise stated)

The proposed basic package is on PERIOD OFFER at 85 euros from an initial price at 146 euros with the:

  1. Vitamin B9 – Folic acid
  2. Vitamin B12
  3. Vitamin 25(OH)D3
  4. Magnesium
  5. Zinc
  6. Selenium

Information selected - indicative with sources: Interpretation of Diagnostic Tests - J.Wallach and

The choice and explanation of the use of the analysis is the exclusive responsibility of your doctor

Edited by : Ioannis Grattisia Head of Laboratory / MSc Clinical Biochemistry - Molecular Biology

2022 - 2023

Biopathology Diagnostic Laboratory | Microbiological | Molecular | DNA | Ultrasonic | EOPYY – Clinic

Diagnostic: Director Biochemist I. Gratsia - Biopathologist I. Katsavochristos / M. Kolokouri - Radiologist S. Alagiannis

Doctors: General Practitioner X. Chrysanthaki - Endocrinologist E. Typhoxylou – Cardiologist A. Castanas - Neurologist C. Karagiorgis - Urologist K. Psyllias - Pulmonologist Zafiria Barbaressou

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