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A UTI is a bacterial infection of the bladder. It is an extremely common disease, with a frequency of at least one occurrence in 40% of women, and 12% of men.
UTIs are caused by the entry of microbes into the urethra and from there into the bladder.
Urinary tract infections are mainly caused by enteric coliform bacteria (e.coli), and less frequently by Protea, Klebsiella, Enterococcus, Staphylococcus, and fungi.
The most common causes are:
UTIs can also be caused in cases of:
The tests that are used in diagnosis - treatment - monitoring are:
General urine test
First immediate assessment for the presence of a urinary tract infection with:
– microscopic examination to identify germs and fungi – white blood cells due to infection – red blood cells
– chemical test to detect substances secreted or produced in urinary tract infections
Diagnostic detection of common microbes and fungi and their first typing/categorization
Antibiogram or antifungal susceptibility testing / sensitivity test
Microbes are cultured along with antibiotics to assess which antibiotic is appropriate to treat the infection
Depending on the difficulty, these extra tests may be used:
In repeated - recurring urinary tract infections, additional non-laboratory tests may be required, for the anatomical assessment of the urinary system, such as:
Information selected - indicative with sources: Interpretation of Diagnostic Tests - J.Wallach and https://labtestsonline.org
The choice and explanation of the use of the analysis is the exclusive responsibility of your doctor
Edited by : Ioannis Grattisia Head of Laboratory / MSc Clinical Biochemistry - Molecular Biology
2022 - 2023
Diagnostic: Director Biochemist I. Gratsia - Biopathologist I. Katsavochristos / M. Kolokouri - Radiologist S. Alagiannis
Doctors: General Practitioner X. Chrysanthaki - Endocrinologist E. Typhoxylou – Cardiologist A. Castanas - Neurologist C. Karagiorgis - Urologist K. Psyllias - Pulmonologist Zafiria Barbaressou
Liability & Responsibility Ethics in Biomedical Science - Personalised Medical Practice with Courtesy and Empathy
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