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STD Parasites Infertility

What is this?

Infertility STD Parasites are infections of the genitourinary tract by ureaplasma, mycoplasma, chlamydia, gonorrhea, or a combination of these, which long-term impair male and female fertility.


Sexually transmitted diseases are preventively controlled, as their transmission is most often carried out by people who have not realized that they have it.

The effects that they have on health are long-term and can often be particularly destructive for the reproductive system. Among the effects, are:

  1. infertility for men and women.
  2. chronic sinusitis and cervicitis, which increase the possibility of ectopic pregnancies.
  3. cervical cancer.
  4. skin lesions.
  5. severe systemic diseases with serious complications in a future pregnancy.

If you find that you have any sexually transmitted disease, you should inform your recent sexual partners so that they should be tested too.


For the test, a sample is taken from the urogenital area using appropriate cotton swabs. The shot is bloodless, without injury or pain, and is performed by properly trained personnel. In the samples, are detected:

  1. Aerobic/anaerobic microbes and fungi These infestations can be asymptomatic or even have intense discomfort or peculiar odors or secretions and they generally attack mucous membranes in the urinary and reproductive systems.
  2. Chlamydia trachoma (C. trachomatis) They are parasites that cause infection in the mucous membranes, and the urinary and reproductive system. The infection is usually asymptomatic. It causes urethritis, epididymitis, cervicitis, endometritis, salpingitis, and infertility not only in women but also in men.
  3. The mycoplasmas It is a variety of microorganisms with main pathogenic strains like M.Hominis , M.Genitalium and U.UrealyticumMycoplasma infection affects the urinary and lower genital systems in men and women. The infection is presented as extremely common at a rate of up to 50%. They cause urethritis, salpingitis, endometritis, and chorioamnionitis (in pregnancy) but are associated with male and female infertility, early pregnancy, and miscarriage.
  4. Trichomonas (trichomonas vaginalis) are parasites that quite often affect the genitals and the lower urinary tract. In men, they are transmitted through sexual intercourse, and they can cause problems with urination and ejaculation. In women, it can also be transmitted by contact with contaminated fabrics and usually causes cervicitis with discomfort during sexual intercourse.
  5. Gonorrhea is caused by the bacterium Neisseria gonorrhoeae. Causes urethritis, endocervicitis, and skin lesions. Chronic infection is associated with arthritis and tendinitis, and less commonly with endocarditis or meningitis.

Detection of common microbes and fungi is done by cultures.

The detection of chlamydia, mycoplasma, trichomonas, gonorrhea is done with two different techniques:

  1. Cultures were suggested as initial tests due to their low cost. However, cultures have limitations in their sensitivity, and sometimes give false negative results in people with an infection.
  2. Molecular detection of DNA with much higher sensitivity, and ability to detect the elemental presence of bacteria. It is recommended, in cases of negative crop results, in unclear situations, or where there is a requirement for an absolute result

Any infection can be treated with a simple antibiotic, but long-term untreated infection has serious consequences, even for children who may be born in the future.

Βlood draws are done only by appointment

Privately, the cost

  1. Cultures in aerobic, anaerobic, and fungi are 15 euros
  2. Cultures combined in aerobic, anaerobic, fungi, ureaplasma, and chlamydia mycoplasma are 40 euros.
  3. Molecular detection of DNA in ureaplasma, mycoplasma, and chlamydia is 90 euros.
  4. Antibiogram (if it is needed) 15 euros.
  5. Myctogram (if it is needed) 20 euros.

Information selected - indicative with sources: Interpretation of Diagnostic Tests - J.Wallach and

The choice and explanation of the use of the analysis is the exclusive responsibility of your doctor

Edited by : Ioannis Grattisia Head of Laboratory / MSc Clinical Biochemistry - Molecular Biology

2022 - 2023

Biopathology Diagnostic Laboratory | Microbiological | Molecular | DNA | Ultrasonic | EOPYY – Clinic

Diagnostic: Director Biochemist I. Gratsia - Biopathologist I. Katsavochristos / M. Kolokouri - Radiologist S. Alagiannis

Doctors: General Practitioner X. Chrysanthaki - Endocrinologist E. Typhoxylou – Cardiologist A. Castanas - Neurologist C. Karagiorgis - Urologist K. Psyllias - Pulmonologist Zafiria Barbaressou

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