With the basic metabolic panel, we have a supervisory review of the health of the body’s main organs and metabolism.
Metabolism is defined as the whole process of anabolism (“building” of the organism) and the catabolism (“degradation” of the organism).
INDICATIONS – IMPORTANCE
The metabolic panel is used as the:
- basic hematological prophylactic health screening
- first group of tests for the most common conditions of illness
The CMP assess the main organs functions, and measures the basic trace elements levels:
- Lliver, the basic metabolic organ that makes most enzymes and proteins.
- Kidneys, the excretory organs of the combustion residues.
- Electrolytes that are regulators of hydration.
- Sugar levels, the energy currency of the body.
- blood proteins, structural components of the organs and the immune system.
- the red cell recycling mechanism.
Deviations of the analyzes of the key metabolic panel can help detect many of the body’s disease.
The metabolic panel is part of the basic screening check up panel and can be performed on a random basis, as a screening on our core health data, between the scheduled Screening Check up. The tests included are:
- Sugar (Glu) To detect possible hyperglycemia or hypoglycemia and any pre-diabetic status.
- Calcium (Ca) Valuew over range may indicateendocrine disorders (eg thyroid and parathyroid gland), vitamin D deficiency, and other illnesses.
- Total proteins – albumin – globulins and albumin (TP, Alb, Glob) The reflect liver metabolism and they are related to the general body and immune system health.
- Electrolytes – Sodium, Potassium, Chloride, Carbon Dioxide (Na, K, Cl, CO2) Possible imbalances can occur in a number of disease states Possible imbalance in electrolyte levels affect heart, the kidneys and the brain functions.
- Urea and Creatinine (Urea, Crea) The main kidney function tests. Increased levels may be associated with temporary or chronic renal impairment or even dehydration.
- Alkaline phosphatase, transaminases (ALP, ALT, AST) are the major enzymes found mainly in the liver and bilirubin (TBil) is a ‘waste’ that is excreted through the liver during the recycling of aged red blood cells. As a whole, they are a good biochemical picture of the liver’s functional capacity and health.
Information selected from :
- Interpretation of Diagnostic Tests – J.Wallach
The exact choice of tests required, is under the responsibility of your treating physician
Editor: I. Gratsias Lab Director / Clinical Biochemist
Last Update May 2019
Medical Tests performed with analytical systems and reagents
by SIEMENS-USA & BECMAN COULTER-USA
Recomendations -preparation for morning blood sampling :
- Should have a mandatory meal previous night.
- Last meal should be up to 11-12 hours before blood collection.
- Evening meal prefered to have the least possible animal fat.
- In the morning should not have any lunch. Coffe without sugar and water are free.
For urine collection:
- First urination sample is preferable
- Prior urination, a local wash with plenty of water, no soap.
- Results are given within 2-3 hours.
The Basic Screening Check Up is in Special Offer at 57 Euros