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WHAT IS THIS? (Cholesterol - Dyslipidemia)
Cholesterols and lipids are among the basic substances used by the body to transport energy and are the building blocks of cells and vitamins.
The values we measure in the blood are the sum of:
They are used as independent indicators of cardiovascular risk and narrowing of the vessels as well as the manifestation of occlusive diseases of the heart (myocardial infarction), brain (stroke), and lungs (pulmonary embolism).
The measurement of multiple parameters is required in the assessment of possible dyslipidemia and the calculation of cardiovascular risk.
The basic parameters or the set of the following tests can be used in the lipid profile:
It is the ensemble of the obtained from the diet (exclusively from dietary animal derivatives) and the endogenous produced by the liver. In a relatively healthy diet, the nutritional participation is usually 20-25% of the whole, statistically, the main source of cholesterol is cheese and generally dairy products and then fatty meats.
Is the protective - "good" cholesterol that we want as high as possible. Its regulation is done through good nutrition, exercise (walking), and of course by stopping smoking.
It is the harmful - "bad" cholesterol that we regulate mainly with a good diet (avoiding animal fats) and then with medication if it is necessary.
They are the lipids that depend mainly on the diet and the fats we consume. In addition to their importance for the cardiovascular system, their potentially high values are evaluated as an indicator of metabolic disorder and risk of pancreatic function.
It is the ensemble of lipids that are associated with the atherosclerotic disease – cardiovascular risk and metabolic disorder.
It is the ratio of cholesterol to HDL and shows the degree to which HDL effectively protects the vessels from total cholesterol.
An independent lipid that is an additional risk marker for atherosclerosis and cardiovascular disease. It is used as an additional element in the evaluation of the possible pathogenicity of cholesterol and triglycerides.
Cholesterol fraction, which is independently evaluated as an indicator of cardiovascular risk – metabolic index.
It gives additional insight into the protective capacity of HDL.
It gives additional insight into the harmfulness of LDL.
It is evaluated to assess specific types of dyslipidemia and the effectiveness of statin medication.
OPTIONAL INDICATORS IN CASES OF DYSLIPIDEMIA
IMAGING LABORATORY TESTING FOR PREVENTION OF DYSLIPIDEMIA
The following tests are done for the assessment of atherosclerotic disease with an assessment not only on the age but also on the personal and family history assessment
Information selected - indicative with sources: Interpretation of Diagnostic Tests - J.Wallach and https://labtestsonline.org
The choice and explanation of the use of the analysis is the exclusive responsibility of your doctor
Edited by : Ioannis Grattisia Head of Laboratory / MSc Clinical Biochemistry - Molecular Biology
2022 - 2023
Diagnostic: Director Biochemist I. Gratsia - Biopathologist I. Katsavochristos / M. Kolokouri - Radiologist S. Alagiannis
Doctors: General Practitioner X. Chrysanthaki - Endocrinologist E. Typhoxylou – Cardiologist A. Castanas - Neurologist C. Karagiorgis - Urologist K. Psyllias - Pulmonologist Zafiria Barbaressou
Liability & Responsibility Ethics in Biomedical Science - Personalised Medical Practice with Courtesy and Empathy
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